Welcome to unit 2 – Cooperation formats and opportunities! In this unit you get insight into …
- different (cooperation) formats within the framework of student engagement.
- opportunities of engagement.
- You know more about the different degrees of engagement.
- You have a clear idea of the possible roles you can take on as a student.
Focus and degree of student engagement
Student participation can take different formats. The following classification may help to define student engagement.
The objects of student engagement
We can define the objects of student participation by considering what is shaped by engagement. Ashwin and McVitty (2015) distinguish between three main objects of engagement:
- Engagement to form individual understanding: engagement initiatives to improve learning outcomes.
- Engagement to form curricula: student engagement initiatives to develop the courses they study.
- Engagement to form community: student involvement in shaping institutions and societies.
Degrees of student engagement
To clarify the understanding of student engagement, we consider not only the objects but also the different degrees of engagement. According to Ashwin and McVitty (2015), one way to define the degree of engagement is to analyse how one of the three objects of student engagement (see above) is influenced by the students’ engagement. Ashwin and McVitty (2015) distinguish between three degrees of student engagement:
1 Ashwin, Paul; McVitty, Debbie (2015): The Meanings of Student Engagement: Implications for Policies and Practices. In: Adrian Curaj, Liviu Matei, Remus Pricopie, Jamil Salmi und Peter Scott (Hg.): The European Higher Education Area. Cham: Springer International Publishing, S. 343–359
Your opportunities to get involved
What does this classification mean for you? What kind of roles and opportunities of engagement can you take?
Being more than a learner …
To get an idea of the roles that students can play, let’s take a look at the practical side of things. The following list gives a first insight into the different initiatives and the related roles a student can take.